ORANGE COUNTY DUI ATTORNEYS

Choosing an Orange County DUI Lawyer can be a difficult and complicated task for anyone; but for those who hold a Professional License and who arrested for DUI are faced with a number of additional complications that can have a dramatic affect on not only the outcome of their case; but also their ability to earn a living.

This site focuses on those who are charged with driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs who also hold a Professional License; but it also focuses on the law behind a drunk driving charge. We have a companion website that deals with the types of Orange County DUI Discovery or evidence one should expect to obtain in connection with a DUI charge in Southern California. 

The tough decisions facing a person charged with driving under the influence can be overwhelming; however, they can be easier to confront when you are a client of an experienced, reputable and well-known Orange County DUI Defense firm that is familiar with how the local police departments conduct Driving Under the Influence Investigations and how the local District Attorneys prosecute the crime of DUI and who know how to "navigate" the respective professional board inquiry set forth in motion by the virtue of your arrest.  

One may ask: "How does the Board know of the DUI charge if I have not reported it to the respective Board?" The California Department of Justice is known to forward the record of the arrest to the respective Board within days or weeks of the charge of driving under the influence. You need a lawyer that is familiar with these inquiries and how to handle them. The DUI Attorneys of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons is one of only a few DUI defense firms that handles these inquiries in addition to the defense of the DUI charge: a rare find: the facts of the DUI case arerelevant and material to the Board's inquiry.

If you hold a professional license and are charged with driving under the influence in Orange County, you will need an experienced DUI Attorney to review all of the evidence that the prosecution intends to use against you, that the California DMV will use against you to suspend or revoke your driving privileges, and the respective Board's inquiry into the matter and its resolution prior to determining the punishment for the DUI, not limited to the loss of one's professional license.

Even if you don't hold a professional license, if you are charged with DUI in Orange County or anywhere in Southern California for that matter, you need results. The DUI Defense Attorneys of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons get great results because they are "Orange County's Recognized Leaders in DUI Defense".

The following video discusses the significance of holding a professional license and being charged with DUI:





As the above video demonstrates, being charged with DUI while holding a professional license can have devastating consequences to your career. Do not make the big mistake of hiring the "wrong attorney" - only hire a DUI lawyer who understands the impact of a DUI charge on your professional license - only hire the DUI Defense firm of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons.

MEET ORANGE COUNTY'S "BEST" OR "TOP-RATED" DUI DEFENSE ATTORNEYS

The DUI Defense "Team" consists of DUI Defense Attorney Barry T. Simons, the author of "California Drunk Driving Law" and the former Dean of the National College for DUI Defense. Mr. Simons holds Board Certification in DUI Defense from NCDD (1 of 6 in California) this Certification is sanctioned by the American Bar Association.  Mr. Simons has the distinction of being the only DUI Attorney in Orange County selected as a “Superlawyer” for DUI Defense.  (2014-2016) The “Team” also includes DUI Defense Attorney Daniel Flores who has personally handled over 1,000 DUI cases in the Courts of Southern California and before the Department of Motor Vehicles.  Mr. Flores has earned a well-deserved reputation for being an effective litigator and trial lawyer in DUI cases. 

Mr. Simons’ “Team” also includes specially selected “Of Counsel” attorneys who practice throughout the State and County to assist our clients with intricate issues that develop with Professional Licensing, Interstate Licensing Issues and collateral consequences in other jurisdiction stemming from a DUI arrest in California.

In addition to our Attorneys, the “Team” includes three well-trained paralegals who have a combined 35 years of experience in criminal justice. 

The DUI Defense “Team” also includes private investigators, toxicologists, pharmacologists, and accident reconstruction experts to properly assist our DUI Lawyers in developing defenses that work in DUI cases.

The lawyers of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons are dedicated to defending those charged with Driving Under the Influence in Southern California. Watch this video to learn more about the DUI Defense firm of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons and why they are Orange County's "Best" or "Top-Rated" DUI Attorneys:




CONTACT ORANGE COUNTY'S "BEST" OR "TOP-RATED" DUI DEFENSE TEAM LAWYERS

Needless to say if you are charged with DUI in Orange County, California, the battle that lies before you is difficult and sometimes frightening. It can be even worse for those who hold Professional Licenses or Security Clearances. The only DUI Defense Attorneys you should be considering if you are charged with Driving Under the Influence in Orange County while holding a Professional License are the DUI Lawyers of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons.

If you have been charged with DUI and would like a free DUI Consultation, contact the DUI Defense Attorneys of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons immediately.


WHY SHOULD YOU CHOOSE THE DUI DEFENSE LAWYERS OF THE LAW OFFICE OF BARRY T. SIMONS IF YOU WERE CHARGED WITH DUI AND HOLD A PROFESSIONAL LICENSE?

The DUI Defense Team of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons successfully navigate professional licensees through the "administrative process" associated with the respective Board's inquiry into the DUI Charge.

Those holding professional licenses should be aware that some of the Boards will receive notification of the DUI arrest within days of the arrest for driving under the influence with official inquiries following a short time thereafter. You need to have DUI Defense Attorneys who understand this process from the outset to avoid any missteps in the process. You should not risk your future licensing on counsel who is not prepared to handle these issues from the very start of the process.

Whether you are a nurse, vocational nurse, doctor or surgeon, psychiatrist, dentist, teacher, lawyer or optometrist, if you are charged with DUI you need the a lawyer who understands the interplay between the criminal charge and the Board's inquiry into the matter. The DUI Defense Lawyers of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons are such lawyers. If you were charged with a DUI and hold a professional license, you need to contact the DUI Defense Firm of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons today for a free DUI Consultation and Case Evaluation.


THOSE WHO TRAVEL FOR WORK-RELATED PURPOSES OR THOSE WHO HOLD SECURITY CLEARANCES ARE EQUALLY AT RISK.

Those who hold professional licenses are not the only ones at risk when charged with DUI. Those who travel extensively for work-related purposes are also at risk, as are those who hold security licenses, such as engineers who hold government contracts. If you fit into either one of these categories, you need a DUI Lawyer that gets results. The DUI Defense Attorneys of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons get results. 

A DUI charge can have an impact not only on those who hold professional licenses, but also those who travel extensively for work-related purposes or those who hold "security clearances" as part of their employment contracts. A DUI conviction can have far-reaching consequences for those in either category and this is why those who find themselves in this position need the type of representation that only the DUI Defense Lawyers of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons can provide.

Watch the video below or click the link to learn more about the Interstate Licensing Consequences:





The significance of obtaining the absolute "Best" or "Top-Rated" DUI Defense firm cannot be overstated, it could mean the difference between a conviction for driving under the influence, a reduction or a complete dismissal. The call you make today can make a difference in the outcome of your case. Do not hesitate to contact the DUI Lawyers of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons today for a free consultation and case evaluation to discuss your Orange County DUI case.

THE LAW OFFICE OF BARRY T. SIMONS
ORANGE COUNTY DUI DEFENSE ATTORNEYS
FREE DUI CONSULTATION | CALL: 888-938-4911

DUI HEROIN & MORPHINE


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AUTHORS OF: CALIFORNIA DRUNK DRIVING LAW

California Drunk Driving Law

"BOARD CERTIFIED" 
IN DUI DEFENSE
 

NCDD National College for DUI Defense: Barry T. Simons


FOUNDING MEMBER: 
NATIONAL COLLEGE FOR DUI DEFENSE (N.C.D.D.)


NCDD National College for DUI Defense: Barry T. Simons


FACULTY MEMBER: 
NATIONAL COLLEGE FOR DUI DEFENSE (N.C.D.D.)


NCDD National College for DUI Defense: Barry T. Simons


FELLOW: 
NATIONAL COLLEGE FOR DUI DEFENSE (N.C.D.D.)



"SPECIALIST MEMBER"
BOARD OF DIRECTORS


CDLA DUI Specialist Member

BARRY T. SIMONS VOTED ONLY ORANGE COUNTY "SUPER LAWYER" IN 
2014, 2015 AND 2016

 


BARRY T. SIMONS VOTED A TOP ATTORNEY BY OC METRO MAGAZINE

"A/V-RATED" BY MARTINDALE-HUBBELL

AV Rated Best DUI Attorney

RATED "PREEMINENT" BY BAR REGISTER

Bar Register Preeminent Lawyer

"LEAD COUNSEL" RATED 
DUI ATTORNEYS


Lead Counsel Rated DUI Lawyer 

BARRY T. SIMONS RATED "10/10" OR "SUPERB" 
BY AVVO RATING SERVICE
BARRY T. SIMONS RECEIVED AVVO "CLIENTS CHOICE" AWARD 2012



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DUI HEROIN & MORPHINE


Morphine and heroin are white, crystalline powders. Illicit heroin may vary in color from white to dark brown due to impurities, or may appear as a black tar-like material, which is commonly referred to as “black tar” heroin.

Morphine: Astramorph®, Duramorph®, Infumorph®, Kadian®, Morphine Sulfate®, MSIR®, MS-Contin®, Oramorph SR®, Roxanol®.

Heroin: Diacetylmorphine, diamorphine; Mexican brown or black tar heroin; bags, blue-steel, China white, H, horse, junk, silk, skag, smack. Scramble (cut heroin), bone (uncut heroin for smoking), chippers (occasional users).

Morphine is a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seedpod of the poppy plant, Papavar somniferum. The milky resin that seeps from incisions made in the unripe seedpod is dried and powdered to make opium, which contains a number of alkaloids including morphine. Morphine concentration in opium can range from 4-21%. An alternate method of harvesting is by the industrial poppy straw process of extracting alkaloids from the mature dried plant, which produces a fine brownish powder.

The majority of heroin sold in the United States comes South America (Columbia) and Mexico. Some of the heroin comes from Southeast Asia. Low purity Mexican black tar heroin is common on the West coast, while high purity Columbian heroin is common in the East and most mid-western states.

Medical Uses: Morphine is used medicinally for the relief of moderate-to-severe pain in both acute and chronic management. It can also be used to sedate a patient pre-operatively and to facilitate the induction of anesthesia. Heroin has no currently accepted medical uses in the United States; however, it is an analgesic.

Recreational Use: Heroin has a long history of recreational abuse. It creates euphoria and an acute sense of well-being, relaxation, drowsiness, sedation, lethargy, disconnectedness, self-absorption, mental clouding and delirium. It’s potential for severe addiction has been well known.

Potency, Purity and Dose: The dosage of morphine is patient-dependent. A usual adult oral dose of morphine is 60-120 mg daily in divided doses, or up to 400 mg daily in opioid tolerant patients. Recreationally, daily heroin doses of 5-1500 mg have been reported, with an average daily dose of 300-500 mg. Addicts may inject heroin 2-4 times per day. Depending on the demographic region, the street purity of heroin can range from 11-72% (average U.S. purity is about 38%). Heroin may be cut with inert or toxic adulterants such as sugars, starch, powdered milk, quinine, and ketamine. Heroin is often mixed with methamphetamine or cocaine (“speedball”) and injected; or co-administered with alprazolam, MDMA (Ecstasy), crack cocaine, or diphenhydramine.

Ingestion:

Morphine: Oral, intra-muscular, intravenous, rectal, epidural, and intrathecal administration. Morphine tablets may be crushed and injected, while opium can be smoked.

Heroin: Smoked, snorted, intravenous (“mainlining”), and subcutaneous (“skin popping”) administration. Black tar heroin is typically dissolved, diluted and injected, while higher purity heroin is often snorted or smoked.

Pharmacodynamics: Morphine produces its major effects on the CNS primarily through m-receptors, and also at k- and d-receptors. m 1-receptors are involved in pain modulation, analgesia, respiratory depression, miosis, euphoria, and decreased gastrointestinal activity; m 2-receptors are involved in respiratory depression, drowsiness, nausea, and mental clouding; k-receptors are involved in analgesia, diuresis, sedation, dysphoria, mild respiratory depression, and miosis; and d-receptors are involved in analgesia, dysphoria, delusions, and hallucinations. Heroin has little affinity for opiate receptors and most of its pharmacology resides in its metabolism to active metabolites, namely 6-acetylmorphine, morphine, and morphine-6-glucuronide.

Pharmacokinetics: The oral bioavailability of morphine is 20-40%, and 35% is bound in plasma. Morphine has a short half-life of 1.5 - 7 hours and is primarily glucuroconjugated at positions 3 and 6, to morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G), respectively. A small amount (5%) is demethylated to normorphine. M6G is an active metabolite with a higher potency than morphine, and can accumulate following chronic administration or in renally impaired individuals. The half-life of M6G is 4 +/- 1.5 hours. Close to 90% of a single morphine dose is eliminated in the 72 hours urine, with 75% present as M3G and less than 10% as unchanged morphine. Heroin has an extremely rapid half-life of 2-6 minutes, and is metabolized to 6-acetylmorphine and morphine. The half-life of 6-acetylmorphine is 6-25 minutes. Both heroin and 6-acetylmorphine are more lipid soluble than morphine and enter the brain more readily.

Blood Test Results: According to NHTSA, tolerance makes interpretation of blood or plasma morphine concentrations extremely difficult. Peak plasma morphine concentrations occur within an hour of oral administration, and within 5 minutes following intravenous injection. Average plasma concentrations of 0.065 mg/L are necessary to keep patients ambulatory. Anesthetic concentrations can reach beyond 2 mg/L in surgical patients. Following oral doses of 10-80 mg, corresponding peak morphine concentrations in serum were 0.05-0.26 mg/L. Following an intravenous dose of 8.75g/70 kg, a peak serum concentration of 0.44 mg/L was reached. In 10 intravenous drug fatalities, where morphine was the only drug detected, postmortem whole blood morphine concentrations averaged 0.70 mg/L (range 0.20-2.3 mg/L). Following a single 12 mg intravenous dose of heroin, a peak heroin concentration of 0.141 mg/L was obtained at 2 minutes, while the 6-acetylmorphine and morphine concentrations were 0.151 and 0.044, respectively. A single 5 mg intravenous dose of heroin produced a peak plasma morphine concentration of 0.035 mg/L at 25 minutes, while intravenous doses of 150-200 mg have produced plasma morphine concentrations of up to 0.3 mg/L. Intranasal administration of 12 mg heroin in 6 subjects produced average peak concentrations of 0.016 mg/L heroin in plasma within 5 minutes; 0.014 mg/L of 6-acetylmorphine at 0.08-0.17 hours; and 0.019 mg/L of morphine at 0.08-1.5 hours.

Urine Test Results: Positive morphine urine results generally indicate use within the last two to three days, or longer after prolonged use. Detection of 6-acetylmorphine in the urine is indicative of heroin use. High concentrations may indicate chronic use of the drug. It is important to hydrolyze urine specimens to assess a urine morphine concentration.

Effects: The effects of morphine or heroin depend heavily on the dose, the route of administration, and previous exposure to the drug. Following an intravenous dose of heroin, the user generally feels an intense surge of euphoria (“rush”) accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, and heavy extremities. The user then alternates between a wakeful and drowsy state, often referred to as being “on the nod.”

Psychological: Euphoria, feeling of well-being, relaxation, drowsiness, sedation, lethargy, disconnectedness, self-absorption, mental clouding, and delirium.

Physiological: Depressed heart rate, respiratory depression, CNS depression, nausea and vomiting, reduced gastrointestinal motility, constipation, flushing of the face and neck, cramping, sweating, fixed and constricted pupils, diminished reflexes, and depressed consciousness.

Overdose can include slow, shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, extreme somnolence, severe respiratory depression, apnea, circulatory collapse, cardiac arrest, coma, and death.

Duration of Effects: Depending on the morphine dose and the route of administration, onset of effects is within 15-60 minutes and effects may last 4-6 hours. Following heroin use, the intense euphoria lasts from 45 seconds to several minutes, peak effects last 1-2 hours, and the overall effects wear off in 3-5 hours, depending on the dose.

Tolerance, Dependence and Withdrawal Effects: Both morphine and heroin have high physical and psychological dependence. Withdrawal symptoms may occur if use is abruptly stopped or reduced. Withdrawal can begin within 6-12 hours after the last dose and may last 5-10 days. Early symptoms include watery eyes, runny nose, yawning and sweating. Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48-72 hours after the last dose and include drug craving, restlessness, irritability, dysphoria, loss of appetite, tremors, severe sneezing, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, elevated heart rate and blood pressure, chills alternating with flushing and excessive sweating, abdominal cramps, body aches, muscle and bone pain, muscle spasms, insomnia, and severe depression.

Alcohol increases the CNS effects of morphine such as sedation, drowsiness, and decreased motor skills. There is a higher risk of respiratory depression, hypotension and profound sedation or coma with concurrent treatment or use of other CNS depressant drugs such as barbiturates, benzodiazepines, hypnotics, tricyclic antidepressants, general anesthetics, MAO inhibitors, and antihistamines. Morphine may enhance the neuromuscular blocking action of skeletal muscle relaxants and produce an increased degree of respiratory depression. Small doses of amphetamine substantially increase the analgesia and euphoriant effects of morphine and may decrease its sedative effects. Antidepressants may enhance morphine’s effects. Partial agonists such as buprenorphine, nalbuphine, butorphanol, and pentazocine will precipitate morphine withdrawal.

Performance Effects: Laboratory studies have shown that morphine may cause sedation and significant psychomotor impairment for up to 4 hours following a single dose in normal individuals. Early effects may include slowed reaction time, and depressed consciousness.

Effects on Driving: The drug manufacturer states that morphine may impair the mental and/or physical abilities needed to perform potentially hazardous activities such as driving a car, and patients must be cautioned accordingly. Driving ability in cancer patients receiving long-term morphine analgesia (mean 209 mg daily) was considered not to be impaired by the sedative effects of morphine to an extent that accidents might occur. There were no significant differences between the morphine-treated cancer patients and a control group in vigilance, concentration, motor reactions, or divided attention. A small but significant slowing of reaction time was observed at 3 hours. In several driving under the influence case reports where the subjects tested positive for morphine and/or 6-acetylmorphine, observations included slow driving, weaving, poor vehicle control, poor coordination, slow response to stimuli, delayed reactions, difficulty in following instructions, and falling asleep at the wheel.

Classification of risk depends on tolerance, dose, time of exposure, acute or chronic use, presence or absence of underlying pain, physiological status of individual, and the presence of other drugs. Non-tolerant individuals can be moderately to severely impaired. Morphine is mildly to moderately impairing if used as medication on a regular basis for chronic pain. It is severely impairing in acute situations if used orally, or as an intravenous medication, or if either drug is taken illicitly.

DEC Profile: Horizontal gaze nystagmus not present; vertical gaze nystagmus not present; lack of convergence not present; pupil size constricted; little or no reaction to light; pulse rate down; blood pressure down; and body temperature down. Other characteristic indicators may include presence of fresh injection marks, track marks, flaccid muscle tone, droopy eyelids, drowsiness or “on-the-nod,” and low, raspy, slow speech.

If you or a loved one has been charged with driving under the influence of heroin and/or morphine, contact the DUI Lawyers of the Law Office of Barry T. Simons for a free, no-cost, DUI Consultation and DUI Case Evaluation.

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